Private Pilot Ground School モドキ
G. AIRPORT Runway marking & lighting
- Runway marking
- Runway number = Magnetic course
- Displaced threshold
- Chevron: Never be used (nor enter) Emergency only.
- Hold Bar
- needs a instruction (permission) to cross from a controller (from Solid Line)
- At uncontrolled airport,stop, check, then cross.
- X-mark: Runway closed (or tells it is a taxiway, but not landing runway)
- Aiport Signs
- Mandatory Instruction Signs
- Location Signs
- Direction Signs
- Destination Signs
- Information Signs
- Runway Distance Remaining Signs
- Runway - White
- Taxi way - Blue
- Runway end - Red
- Threshold - Green
- A Pilot controlling light
- Pilot can control the Intensity of the runway light at certain airport by clicking the switch of the microphone.
- Click 7 times - High intensity
- 5 times - Middle intensity
- 3 times - Low Intensity
- Approach lights and other light
- Airport beacon
- White & Green - Civil airport
- White @ White & Green - Military airport
- It rotates ....
- from sunset to sunrise, or
- during below VFR weather minimum "ceiling - Less than 1000ft or visibility-Less than 3 mile."
- may not be accurate indication of weather or time
- Airport traffic pattern
- Standard pattern = Left traffic pattern
- Departure (Upwind Leg)
- Crosswind Leg
- Downwind Leg
- Entry (45 Leg)
- Base Leg
- Final (Final Approach)
- Segmented circle
- It Indicates direction of turn (pattern)
- Visual Glide slope Indicators
- By FAR, You have to stay AT or ABOVE glide slope.
- Glide slope = The best approach course for that runway. (maybe)
- Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI)
- on glide slope (two red and two white) or (one red and one white)
- red = too low
- white = too high
- Visual Approach Slope Indicator (VASI)
- Standard VASI
- 2-Bar: Red and White = on Glide path
- Two Red and a White = on Glide Path for a small airplane
- One Red and Two White = On Glide Path for a larger airplane.
- All White = too high
- All Red = too low (= danger)
- Tri-color VASI
- Amber - High
- Green - At glide slope
- Red - Low
- There IS other kinds of indicator, but too rare.
- Land and Hold Short Operation (LAHSO)
- may be used at a busy airport with crossing runways.
- to effectively use multiple runways.
- a pilot can decline
or accept (read back)
- student pilot should never accept LAHSO
- if you are not familir with a plane or have any doubt, decline.