HOME CONTACT LINK 検索
   ATC:航空無線      筆記試験 > PVT : IFR      PTS:飛行試験項目      お勉強室      航空辞書      けいじ板  

Private Pilot Ground School モドキ

N. FLIGHT PHYSIOLOGY

    1. Hypoxia
      1. It is a state of oxygen deficiency in the blood stream
      2. Symptom: Headache., Dizziness, Restless, Sleepiness Euphoria (a happy feeling), Lowers Vision
      3. Treatment: Use Aviation Oxygen and Descend ASAP
    2. Hyperventilation
      1. Chemical imbalance of blood.
        1. Excessive amount of air is breathed out too much Carbon Dioxide from blood, and
        2. Too much oxygen is in the body.
      2. caused by excessive breathing
        • too much emotional stress, fear.
      3. Symptoms: Dizziness, hot or cold sensations, lips or nail become blue. (and Panic)
      4. Treatment:
        1. Slow the breathing rate.
        2. Talk or sing aloud.
      5. always relax
    3. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
      1. CO is colorless, odorless and tasteless gas and
      2. very little CO significantly reduce one's ability to do anything and may cause death.
      3. Blocks Hemoglobin to exchanges of Oxygen and CO2
      4. There is a chance that the carbon monoxide comes into the cabin from hot air of a leaking heater,
        1. CO is in exhaust gas from engine
        2. if you smell exhaust gas, shut down the heater and land ASPS
        3. Never take a chances - colorless and odorless - you don't know
      5. Symptoms: Headache, nausea, dizziness ,loss of muscle power
            usually, you lose muscle power or consciousness before taking any action
      6. Treatment: Stop the heater, open the window, and breath fresh air, decent and land.
    4. Spatial Disorientation (Vertigo)
      1. It is the state of temporary confusion of brain by misleading information is sent.
      2. You don't know airplanes attitude and lose control then crush.
      3. easily happens in cloud or clear night.
      4. It happens to anyone in nature, training can only help.
      5. If you suspect Spatial Disorientation, trust instrument, but never yourself.
      6. continuously scan all instruments but never stare only one instrument. (no more than 1 second each)
    5. Night Flying
      1. Off center viewing
      2. your eye needs at least 30 minutes to adjust dark
      3. Consider using Supplemental Aviation Oxygen above 5,000 feet
    6. Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM)
      1. Systematic Approach to the metal process for better decision Makings
        • should be used by pilots to consistently make the best course of action
        • Pilots and Human Errors is the biggest factor on accidents
      2. Risk Management
        1. How do you cope risk?
        2. decision making process to cope with risks, relies on
          1. situational awareness
          2. problem recognition
          3. good judgment
        3. P-P-P (other way to think)
          1. PERCEIVE hazards
          2. PROCESS to evaluate level of risk
          3. PERFORM risk management
        4. 4 risk element (PAVE)
          1. Pilots, Aircraft, enViroment, External pressure
        5. There are all way some risks, but which and when take it or refuse it?
      3. Operational Pittholes
        1. dangerous tendency or behavior
          1. Peer Pressure
          2. Mind Set
          3. Scud Running
          4. VFR to IMC
          5. Neglect of checklist
        2. there are lot more of those
      4. Five HAZARDOUS ATTITUDE
        1. Antiauthority, Impulsivity, Invulnerability, Macho, Resignation
        2. recognize hazardous attitude or thought
        3. label it and correct by ANTIDOTE
      5. These are only few of ADMs, search and study for a safe flight

 

HOMEATC:航空無線筆記試験 > PVT : IFRPTS:飛行試験項目お勉強室航空辞書けいじ板LINKサイト検索
Copyright c 2007-2015 Koji Ueda. All rights and Copyrights are the properties of Koji Ueda. All Rights Reserved. 上田浩史に著作権はありますが、お勉強・訓練には使ってね。教育関係はの方は必ず「CFI Japanから」と添えてお使い下さい。